Studies and Citations

Studies and Citations

Home   >>  Studies and Citations

Hamblin MR, Nelson ST, Strahan JR. Photobiomodulation and Cancer: What Is the Truth? Photomed Laser Surg. 2018 May;36(5):241-245. doi: 10.1089/pho.2017.4401. Epub 2018 Feb 21. PMID: 29466089; PMCID: PMC5946726.

Robijns J, Nair RG, Lodewijckx J, Arany P, Barasch A, Bjordal JM, Bossi P, Chilles A, Corby PM, Epstein JB, Elad S, Fekrazad R, Fregnani ER, Genot MT, Ibarra AMC, Hamblin MR, Heiskanen V, Hu K, Klastersky J, Lalla R, Latifian S, Maiya A, Mebis J, Migliorati CA, Milstein DMJ, Murphy B, Raber-Durlacher JE, Roseboom HJ, Sonis S, Treister N, Zadik Y, Bensadoun RJ. Photobiomodulation therapy in management of cancer therapy-induced side effects: WALT position paper 2022. Front Oncol. 2022 Aug 30;12:927685. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.927685. PMID: 36110957; PMCID: PMC9468822.

Pereira, S.T., Silva, C.R., Nuñez, S.C. and Ribeiro, M.S. (2021), Safety and Clinical Impact of a Single Red Light Irradiation on Breast Tumor-Bearing Mice. Photochem Photobiol, 97: 435-442.
https://doi.org/10.1111/php.13338

Myakishev-Rempel M, Stadler I, Brondon P, Axe DR, Friedman M, Nardia FB, Lanzafame R. A preliminary study of the safety of red light phototherapy of tissues harboring cancer. Photomed Laser Surg. 2012 Sep;30(9):551-8. doi: 10.1089/pho.2011.3186. Epub 2012 Aug 1. PMID: 22853435; PMCID: PMC3423866.

Light therapy fast-tracks healing of skin damage from cancer radiation therapy
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2022/01/220127104305.htm
Light therapy may accelerate the healing of skin damage from radiation therapy by up to 50%, according to a recent study.

Robijns J, Censabella S, Bulens P, Maes A, Mebis J. The use of low-level light therapy in supportive care for patients with breast cancer: review of the literature. Lasers Med Sci. 2017 Jan;32(1):229-242. doi: 10.1007/s10103-016-2056-y. Epub 2016 Aug 19. PMID: 27539464.

 Yang, Kok Lee & Boon Yin, Khoo & Ong, Ming Thong & Yoong, Ivan & Sreeramanan, Subramaniam. (2020). In vitro anti-breast cancer studies of LED red light therapy through autophagy. Breast Cancer. 28. 10.1007/s12282-020-01128-6. LED red light has been reported to have many health benefits. The present study was conducted to characterise anti-proliferation properties of four LED red light wavelengths (615, 630, 660 and 730 nm) against non-triple negative (MCF-7) and triple negative (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer-origin cell lines.

https://www.buffalo.edu/news/releases/2022/01/029.html

Zadik Y, Arany PR, Fregnani ER, Bossi P, Antunes HS, Bensadoun RJ, Gueiros LA, Majorana A, Nair RG, Ranna V, Tissing WJE, Vaddi A, Lubart R, Migliorati CA, Lalla RV, Cheng KKF, Elad S; Mucositis Study Group of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer/International Society of Oral Oncology (MASCC/ISOO). Systematic review of photobiomodulation for the management of oral mucositis in cancer patients and clinical practice guidelines. Support Care Cancer. 2019 Oct;27(10):3969-3983. doi: 10.1007/s00520-019-04890-2. Epub 2019 Jul 8. PMID: 31286228.

Argenta PA, Ballman KV, Geller MA, Carson LF, Ghebre R, Mullany SA, Teoh DG, Winterhoff BJ, Rivard CL, Erickson BK. The effect of photobiomodulation on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: A randomized, sham-controlled clinical trial. Gynecol Oncol. 2017 Jan;144(1):159-166. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2016.11.013. Epub 2016 Nov 22. PMID: 27887804.

Wunsch, Alexander, and Karsten Matuschka. “A controlled trial to determine the efficacy of red and near-infrared light treatment in patient satisfaction, reduction of fine lines, wrinkles, skin roughness, and intradermal collagen density increase.” Photomedicine and laser surgery vol. 32,2 (2014): 93-100. doi:10.1089/pho.2013.3616  

  • The treated subjects experienced significantly improved skin complexion and skin feeling, assessed skin roughness, and ultrasonographic measured collagen density. The blinded clinical evaluation of photographs confirmed significant improvement in the intervention groups compared with the control.
  • There were no negative findings.
  • n=136

Oh IY, Kim BJ, Kim MN, Kim CW, Kim SE. Efficacy of light-emitting diode photomodulation in reducing erythema after fractional carbon dioxide laser resurfacing: a pilot study. Dermatol Surg. 2013 Aug;39(8):1171-6. doi: 10.1111/dsu.12213. Epub 2013 Apr 3. PMID: 23551853.

Kim YJ, Kim HJ, Kim HL, Kim HJ, Kim HS, Lee TR, Shin DW, Seo YR. A Protective Mechanism of Visible Red Light in Normal Human Dermal Fibroblasts: Enhancement of GADD45A-Mediated DNA Repair Activity. J Invest Dermatol. 2017 Feb;137(2):466-474. doi: 10.1016/j.jid.2016.07.041. Epub 2016 Oct 8. PMID: 27729279.

** Ken Tan1, Hyup-Woo Lee1,2, Seung-Kyu Han1 Effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy on Proliferation and Collagen Synthesis of Human Fibroblasts in Vitro

Journal of Wound Management and Research 2018; 14(1): 1-6.

Published online: March 30, 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22467/jwmr.2018.00283 Huiling Ma1, Jong-Phil Yang1, Rui

Zhu, S., Ma, X., Ding, X. et al. Comparative evaluation of low-level light therapy and ethinyl estradiol and desogestrel combined oral contraceptive for clinical efficacy and regulation of serum biochemical parameters in primary dysmenorrhoea: a prospective randomised multicentre trial. Lasers Med Sci 37, 2239–2248 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10103-021-03490-z

Lee JM, Kim KH. Effect of near-infrared rays on female menstrual pain in Korea. Nurs Health Sci. 2017 Sep;19(3):366-372. doi: 10.1111/nhs.12356. Epub 2017 Jul 7. PMID: 28686000.

The results of this study indicate that the near-infrared ray LED belt was effective in reducing menstrual pain and menstrual pain duration compared to the use of analgesics in Korean women with dysmenorrhea. Therefore, near-infrared rays may be used to relieve menstrual pain and improve the quality of life of women with dysmenorrhea.

Oliveira CG, Freitas MF, de Sousa MVP, Giorgi R, Chacur M. Photobiomodulation reduces nociception and edema in a CFA-induced muscle pain model: effects of LLLT and LEDT. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2020;19(10):1392-1401. doi:10.1039/d0pp00037j

Xu S, Cui K, Long K, Li J, Fan N, Lam WC, Liang X, Wang W. Red Light-Triggered Anti-Angiogenic and Photodynamic Combination Therapy of Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Adv Sci (Weinh). 2023 Sep 14:e2301985. doi: 10.1002/advs.202301985. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37705491.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11776448/

Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, Whelan NT, Turner SG, Margolis DA, Cevenini V, Stinson H, Ignatius R, Martin T, Cwiklinski J, Philippi AF, Graf WR, Hodgson B, Gould L, Kane M, Chen G, Caviness J. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001 Dec;19(6):305-14. doi: 10.1089/104454701753342758. PMID: 11776448.

Hartmann DD, Martins RP, Silva TCD, et al. Oxidative stress is involved in LLLT mechanism of action on skin healing in rats.Braz J Med Biol Res. 2021;54(6):e10293. Published 2021 Apr 26. doi:10.1590/1414-431X202010293

Kenareh R, Mirmohammadi SJ, Khatibi A, Shamsi F, Mehrparvar AH. The Comparison of The Efficacy of Photobiomodulation and Ultrasound in the Treatment of Chronic Non-specific Neck Pain: A Randomized Single-Blind Controlled Trial. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2021 ;12:e20. DOI: 10.34172/jlms.2021.20. PMID: 34733743; PMCID: PMC8558734.

https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.2203/dose-response.14-032.Agrawal

  1. Agrawal T, Gupta GK, Rai V, Carroll JD, Hamblin MR. Pre-Conditioning with Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy: Light before the Storm. Dose-Response. October 2014. doi:10.2203/dose-response.14-032.Agrawal

José Carlos Tatmatsu-Rocha, Cleber Ferraresi, Michael R. Hamblin, Flávio Damasceno Maia, Nilberto Robson Falcão do Nascimento, Patricia Driusso, Nivaldo Antonio Parizotto,

Low-level laser therapy (904nm) can increase collagen and reduce oxidative and nitrosative stress in diabetic wounded mouse skin,

Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology,

Volume 164,

2016,

Pages 96-102,

ISSN 1011-1344,

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.09.017.

(https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S101113441530172X)

Pillai JK, Mysore V. Role of Low-Level Light Therapy (LLLT) in Androgenetic Alopecia. J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2021;14(4):385-391. doi:10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_218_20

Figueiro Longo MG, Tan CO, Chan ST, et al. Effect of Transcranial Low-Level Light Therapy vs Sham Therapy Among Patients With Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(9):e2017337. Published 2020 Sep 1. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17337

Cotler HB. A NASA discovery has current applications in orthopaedics. Curr Orthop Pract. 2015;26(1):72-74. doi:10.1097/BCO.0000000000000196

Mai-Yi Fan, Sabrina PhD*; Cheng, Yu-Pin MD†; Lee, Ming-Yung PhD‡; Lin, Sung-Jan MD, PhD*,§,‖,¶; Chiu, Hsien-Yi MD, PhD*,§,**. Efficacy and Safety of a Low-Level Light Therapy for Androgenetic Alopecia: A 24-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Self-Comparison, Sham Device-Controlled Trial. Dermatologic Surgery: November 2018 – Volume 44 – Issue 11 – p 1411-1420

  • RCT
  • n=100
  • 24 weeks of treatment
  • LLLT-treated scalp had significantly greater hair coverage (14.2% vs. 11.8%, p < .001).
  • Significant improvement from baseline in the LLLT group noted study investigators
    • hair thickness
    • hair count
    • hair coverage observed  on the treated side than in the sham light-treated side at the 12- and 24-week visits.
  • No serious adverse events were observed.

Spitler R, Ho H, Norpetlian F, et al. Combination of low level light therapy and nitrosyl-cobinamide accelerates wound healing.J Biomed Opt. 2015;20(5):051022. doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.5.051022

Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, Whelan NT, Turner SG, Margolis DA, Cevenini V, Stinson H, Ignatius R, Martin T, Cwiklinski J, Philippi AF, Graf WR, Hodgson B, Gould L, Kane M, Chen G, Caviness J. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001 Dec;19(6):305-14. doi: 10.1089/104454701753342758.

M, Chen G, Caviness J. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001 Dec;19(6):305-14. doi: 10.1089/104454701753342758.

Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, et al. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001;19(6):305-314. doi:10.1089/104454701753342758.

Hartmann DD, Martins RP, Silva TCD, et al. Oxidative stress is involved in LLLT mechanism of action on skin healing in rats. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2021;54(6):e10293. Published 2021 Apr 26. doi:10.1590/1414-431X202010293.

Quirk BJ, Sannagowdara K, Buchmann EV, et al. Effect of near-infrared light on in vitro cellular ATP production of osteoblasts and fibroblasts and on fracture healing with intramedullary fixation. J Clin Orthop Trauma 2016;7:234-41. 10.1016/j.jcot.2016.02.009.

José Carlos Tatmatsu-Rocha, et al. Low-level laser therapy (904nm) can increase collagen and reduce oxidative and nitrosative stress in diabetic wounded mouse skin, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 164, 2016, Pages 96-102, ISSN 1011-1344, doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.09.01.

Cotler HB. A NASA discovery has current applications in orthopaedics. Curr Orthop Pract. 2015 Jan;26(1):72-74. doi: 10.1097/BCO.0000000000000196. PMID: 25541589; PMCID: PMC4272231.

Avci P, Gupta A, Sadasivam M, Vecchio D, Pam Z, Pam N, Hamblin MR. Low-level laser (light) therapy (LLLT) in skin: stimulating, healing, restoring. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2013 Mar;32(1):41-52. PMID: 24049929; PMCID: PMC4126803.

Agrawal T, Gupta GK, Rai V, Carroll JD, Hamblin MR. Pre-Conditioning with Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy: Light before the Storm. Dose-Response. October 2014. doi:10.2203/dose-response.14-032.Agrawal.

Kenareh R, Mirmohammadi SJ, Khatibi A, Shamsi F, Mehrparvar AH. The Comparison of The Efficacy of Photobiomodulation and Ultrasound in the Treatment of Chronic Non-specific Neck Pain: A Randomized Single-Blind Controlled Trial. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2021 ;12:e20. DOI: 10.34172/jlms.2021.20.

Acute Low Back Pain with Radiculopathy: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study

Ljubica M. Konstantinovic, Zeljko M. Kanjuh, Andjela N. Milovanovic, Milisav R. Cutovic, Aleksandar G. Djurovic, Viktorija G. Savic, Aleksandra S. Dragin, and Nesa D. Milovanovic

Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 2010 28:4, 553-560

  • A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
  • n=546
  • Statistically significant in all outcomes measured (p < 0.001)
  • Results show better improvement in acute LBP treated with LLLT

Stausholm MB, Naterstad IF, Joensen J, et alEfficacy of low-level laser therapy on pain and disability in knee osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trialsBMJ Open 2019;9:e031142. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031142

  • Systematic review and meta-analysis
  • We solely included randomized placebo-controlled trials involving participants with KOA according to the American College of Rheumatology and/or Kellgren/Lawrence criteria, in which LLLT was applied to participants’ knee(s)
  • 22 trials (n=1063) were meta-analysed. Risk of bias was insignificant. Overall, pain was significantly reduced by LLLT compared with placebo at the end of therapy.
  • LLLT is a non-invasive treatment modality,(1-2) which has been reported to induce anti-inflammatory effects. (2–7)
    • 1. Rayegani SM, Raeissadat SA, Heidari S, et al. Safety and effectiveness of low-level laser therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Lasers Med Sci 2017;8:S12–19. 
    • 2. Hamblin MR. Can osteoarthritis be treated with light? Arthritis Res Ther 2013;15.
    • 3. Tomazoni SS, Leal-Junior ECP, Pallotta RC, et al. Effects of photobiomodulation therapy, pharmacological therapy, and physical exercise as single and/or combined treatment on the inflammatory response induced by experimental osteoarthritis. Lasers Med Sci 2017;32:101–8. 
    • 4. Tomazoni SS, Leal-Junior ECP, Frigo L, et al. Isolated and combined effects of photobiomodulation therapy, topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and physical activity in the treatment of osteoarthritis induced by papain. J Biomed Opt 2016;21:108001.
    • 5. Wang P, Liu C, Yang X, et al. Effects of low-level laser therapy on joint pain, synovitis, anabolic, and catabolic factors in a progressive osteoarthritis rabbit model. Lasers Med Sci 2014;29:1875–85. 
    • 6. Assis L, Almeida T, Milares LP, et al. Musculoskeletal atrophy in an experimental model of knee osteoarthritis: the effects of exercise training and low-level laser therapy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2015;94:609–16. 
    • 7. Pallotta RC, Bjordal JM, Frigo L, et al. Infrared (810-nm) low-level laser therapy on rat experimental knee inflammation. Lasers Med Sci 2012;27:71–8.

Ishaq Ahmed, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpei, Syed Amir Gilani, Ashfaq Ahmad, Faryal Zaidi, “Effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy in Patients with Discogenic Lumbar Radiculopathy: A Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Trial”, Journal of Healthcare Engineering, vol. 2022, Article ID 6437523, 11 pages, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/6437523

  • Conclusions. The LLLT is proved as an efficient adjunct therapy to conventional physical therapy for discogenic lumbar radiculopathy. (low back pain with radiation down legs)

Wu S, Su Y, Wang L, Sun B, Jiang X. The effects of photobiomodulation therapy on inflammatory mediators, immune infiltration, and angiogenesis in a mouse model of rosacea. Ann Transl Med. 2022 Aug;10(15):831. doi: 10.21037/atm-22-3204. PMID: 36035005; PMCID: PMC9403938.

Cassano P, Dording C, Thomas G, Foster S, Yeung A, Uchida M, Hamblin MR, Bui E, Fava M, Mischoulon D, Iosifescu DV. Effects of transcranial photobiomodulation with near-infrared light on sexual dysfunction. Lasers Surg Med. 2019 Feb;51(2):127-135. doi: 10.1002/lsm.23011. Epub 2018 Sep 17. PMID: 30221776; PMCID: PMC6382556.

European College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ECNP). “Lack of interest in sex successfully treated by exposure to bright light.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 18 September 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/09/160918214443.htm>.

Figueiro Longo MG, Tan CO, Chan ST, et al. Effect of Transcranial Low-Level Light Therapy vs Sham Therapy Among Patients With Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(9):e2017337. Published 2020 Sep 1. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17337

Jackson, R. F., Dedo, D. D., Roche, G. C., Turok, D. I., & Maloney, R. J. (2009).Low-level laser therapy as a non-invasive approach for body contouring: A randomized, controlled study. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 41(10), 799–809.doi:10.1002/lsm.20855

  • Double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial 
  • There were no negative findings.
  • n=67
  • Results: Participants in the treatment group demonstrated an overall reduction in total circumference across all three sites of 3.51 in. 
  • (P < 0.001) compared with control subjects who revealed a 0.684 reduction (P < 0.071745). Test group participants demonstrated a reduction of 0.98 in. (P < 0.0001) across the waist, 1.05 in. (P < 0.01) across the hip, and 0.85 in. (P < 0.01) and 0.65 in. (P < 0.01) across the right and left thighs from baseline to 2 weeks (end of treatment). 

McRae E, Boris J. Independent evaluation of low-level laser therapy at 635 nm for non-invasive body contouring of the waist, hips, and thighs. Lasers Surg Med. 2013 Jan;45(1):1-7. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22113. PMID: 23355338.

  • Participants were retrospectively assessed at an individual clinic in the United States.
  • Compared with baseline, a statistically significant 2.99 in. (7.59 cm) mean LOSS was observed at the post-procedure evaluation point (P < 0.0001). When analyzed individually, the waist, hips, and thighs each reported a statistically significant reduction of 1.12, 0.769, and 1.17, respectively.
  • There were no negative findings.
  • n=86

PAIN RELIEF

Kenareh R, Mirmohammadi SJ, Khatibi A, Shamsi F, Mehrparvar AH. The Comparison of The Efficacy of Photobiomodulation and Ultrasound in the Treatment of Chronic Non-specific Neck Pain: A Randomized Single-Blind Controlled Trial. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2021 ;12:e20. DOI: 10.34172/jlms.2021.20.

Acute Low Back Pain with Radiculopathy: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study

Ljubica M. Konstantinovic, Zeljko M. Kanjuh, Andjela N. Milovanovic, Milisav R. Cutovic, Aleksandar G. Djurovic, Viktorija G. Savic, Aleksandra S. Dragin, and Nesa D. Milovanovic
Photomedicine and Laser Surgery 284-553-560

Stausholm MB, Naterstad IF, Joensen J, et al. Efficacy of low-level laser therapy on pain and disability in knee osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised placebo-controlled trials. BMJ Open. 2019;9(10):e031142. Published 2019 Oct 28. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031142

1. Rayegani SM, Raeissadat SA, Heidari S, et al. Safety and effectiveness of low-level laser therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Lasers Med Sci 2017;8:S12–19.

2. Hamblin MR. Can osteoarthritis be treated with light? Arthritis Res Ther 2013;15.

3. Tomazoni SS, Leal-Junior ECP, Pallotta RC, et al. Effects of photobiomodulation therapy, pharmacological therapy, and physical exercise as single and/or combined treatment on the inflammatory response induced by experimental osteoarthritis. Lasers Med Sci 2017;32:101–8.

4. Tomazoni SS, Leal-Junior ECP, Frigo L, et al. Isolated and combined effects of photobiomodulation therapy, topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and physical activity in the treatment of osteoarthritis induced by papain. J Biomed Opt 2016;21:108001.

5. Wang P, Liu C, Yang X, et al. Effects of low-level laser therapy on joint pain, synovitis, anabolic, and catabolic factors in a progressive osteoarthritis rabbit model. Lasers Med Sci 2014;29:1875–85.

6. Assis L, Almeida T, Milares LP, et al. Musculoskeletal atrophy in an experimental model of knee osteoarthritis: the effects of exercise training and low-level laser therapy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2015;94:609–16.

7. Pallotta RC, Bjordal JM, Frigo L, et al. Infrared (810-nm) low-level laser therapy on rat experimental knee inflammation. Lasers Med Sci 2012;27:71–8.

HEALING

Spitler R, Ho H, Norpetlian F, et al. Combination of low level light therapy and nitrosyl-cobinamide accelerates wound healing. J Biomed Opt. 2015;20(5):051022. doi:10.1117/1.JBO.20.5.051022

Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, Whelan NT, Turner SG, Margolis DA, Cevenini V, Stinson H, Ignatius R, Martin T, Cwiklinski J, Philippi AF, Graf WR, Hodgson B, Gould L, Kane M, Chen G, Caviness J. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001 Dec;19(6):305-14. doi: 10.1089/104454701753342758.

Whelan HT, Smits RL Jr, Buchman EV, Whelan NT, Turner SG, Margolis DA, Cevenini V, Stinson H, Ignatius R, Martin T, Cwiklinski J, Philippi AF, Graf WR, Hodgson B, Gould L, Kane M, Chen G, Caviness J. Effect of NASA light-emitting diode irradiation on wound healing. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2001 Dec;19(6):305-14. doi: 10.1089/104454701753342758.

Hartmann DD, Martins RP, Silva TCD, et al. Oxidative stress is involved in LLLT mechanism of action on skin healing in rats. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2021;54(6):e10293. Published 2021 Apr 26. doi:10.1590/1414-431X202010293.

José Carlos Tatmatsu-Rocha, et al. Low-level laser therapy (904nm) can increase collagen and reduce oxidative and nitrosative stress in diabetic wounded mouse skin, Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, Volume 164, 2016, Pages 96-102, ISSN 1011-1344, doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2016.09.01.

Cotler HB. A NASA discovery has current applications in orthopaedics. Curr Orthop Pract. 2015;26(1):72-74. doi:10.1097/BCO.0000000000000196.

WEIGHT LOSS/BODY CONTOURING

Jackson, R. F., Dedo, D. D., Roche, G. C., Turok, D. I., & Maloney, R. J. (2009). Low-level laser therapy as a non-invasive approach for body contouring: A randomized, controlled study. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, 41(10), 799–809. doi:10.1002/lsm.20855 

https://sci-hub.se/10.1002/lsm.20855

McRae E, Boris J. Independent evaluation of low-level laser therapy at 635 nm for non-invasive body contouring of the waist, hips, and thighs. Lasers Surg Med. 2013 Jan;45(1):1-7. doi: 10.1002/lsm.22113. PMID: 23355338.

DEPRESSION

Cassano P, Petrie SR, Mischoulon D, Cusin C, Katnani H, Yeung A, De Taboada L, Archibald A, Bui E, Baer L, Chang T, Chen J, Pedrelli P, Fisher L, Farabaugh A, Hamblin MR, Alpert JE, Fava M, Iosifescu DV. Transcranial Photobiomodulation for the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. The ELATED-2 Pilot Trial. Photomed Laser Surg. 2018 Dec;36(12):634-646. doi: 10.1089/pho.2018.4490. Epub 2018 Oct 20. PMID: 30346890; PMCID: PMC7864111.

FERTILITY

Ohshiro T. Personal Overview of the Application of LLLT in Severely Infertile Japanese Females. Laser Ther. 2012;21(2):97-103 doi:10.5978/islsm.12-OR-05.

COSMETIC / COLLAGEN/ANTI-AGING

Wunsch, Alexander, and Karsten Matuschka. “A controlled trial to determine the efficacy of red and near-infrared light treatment in patient satisfaction, reduction of fine lines, wrinkles, skin roughness, and intradermal collagen density increase.” Photomedicine and laser surgery vol. 32,2 (2014): 93-100. doi:10.1089/pho.2013.3616  

SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION

Salman Yazdi R, Bakhshi S, Jannat Alipoor F, Akhoond MR, Borhani S, Farrahi F, Lotfi Panah M, Sadighi Gilani MA. Effect of 830-nm diode laser irradiation on human sperm motility. Lasers Med Sci. 2014 Jan;29(1):97-104. doi: 10.1007/s10103-013-1276-7. Epub 2013 Feb 14. PMID: 23407899.

ATOPIC DERMATITIS

Morita H, Kohno J, Hori M, Kitano Y. Clinical application of low reactive level laser therapy (LLLT) for atopic dermatitis. Keio J Med. 1993;42(4):174-176. doi:10.2302/kjm.42.174

EDEMA

Oliveira CG, Freitas MF, de Sousa MVP, Giorgi R, Chacur M. Photobiomodulation reduces nociception and edema in a CFA-induced muscle pain model: effects of LLLT and LEDT. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2020;19(10):1392-1401. doi:10.1039/d0pp00037j

MUSCLE CONDITIONING

Agrawal T, Gupta GK, Rai V, Carroll JD, Hamblin MR. Pre-Conditioning with Low-Level Laser (Light) Therapy: Light before the Storm. Dose-Response. October 2014. doi:10.2203/dose-response.14-032.Agrawal.

HAIR GROWTH

Pillai JK, Mysore V. Role of Low-Level Light Therapy (LLLT) in Androgenetic Alopecia. J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2021;14(4):385-391. doi:10.4103/JCAS.JCAS_218_20

Mai-Yi Fan, Sabrina PhD*; Cheng, Yu-Pin MD†; Lee, Ming-Yung PhD‡; Lin, Sung-Jan MD, PhD*,§,‖,¶; Chiu, Hsien-Yi MD, PhD*,§,**. Efficacy and Safety of a Low-Level Light Therapy for Androgenetic Alopecia: A 24-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Self-Comparison, Sham Device-Controlled Trial. Dermatologic Surgery: November 2018 – Volume 44 – Issue 11 – p 1411-1420

  • hair thickness
  • hair count
  • hair coverage observed  on the treated side than in the sham light-treated side at the 12- and 24-week visits.

TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Figueiro Longo MG, Tan CO, Chan ST, et al. Effect of Transcranial Low-Level Light Therapy vs Sham Therapy Among Patients With Moderate Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(9):e2017337. Published 2020 Sep 1. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.17337

MALE INFERTILITY

Wagner H, Cheng JW, Ko EY. Role of reactive oxygen species in male infertility: An updated review of literature. Arab J Urol. 2017;16(1):35-43. Published 2017 Dec 8. doi:10.1016/j.aju.2017.11.001

INFLAMMATION

Hamblin MR. Mechanisms and applications of the anti-inflammatory effects of photobiomodulation. AIMS Biophys. 2017;4(3):337-361. doi:10.3934/biophy.2017.3.337

NIR

Sommer AP. Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase is not the primary acceptor for near infrared light-it is mitochondrial bound water: the principles of low-level light therapy. Ann Transl Med. 2019 Mar;7(Suppl 1):S13. doi: 10.21037/atm.2019.01.43. PMID: 31032294; PMCID: PMC6462613.

Are you ready to optimize yourself?

Are you ready to optimize yourself?

Book your appointment with our quick & easy online scheduler

What would you like to find?